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張徹
Chang Cheh  ♂
Aliases:  Cheung Kit,  Chang Che,  Chang Cheuh,  Chang Chueh,  Chang Yik-Yan,  Chin Chien,  Cheung Chit,  Chang Chit,  Chang Chih
Born: January 1st, 1923 - Died: June 22nd, 2002




 
Filmography (1949-1993)
 
  Production Manager (1 film)
    The Knight of Knights (1966)    
  Director (94 films)
    Happenings in Ali Shan (1949)    
    Wild Fires (1957)    
    The Butterfly Chalice (1965)    
    Magnificent Trio (1966)    
    Tiger Boy (1966)    
    The Assassin (1967)    
    One-Armed Swordsman (1967)    
    The Trail of the Broken Blade (1967)    
    Golden Swallow (1968)    
    The Flying Dagger (1969)    
    Return of the One-Armed Swordsman (1969)    
    The Singing Thief (1969)    
    Have Sword, Will Travel (1969)    
    Dead End (1969)    
    The Invincible Fist (1969)    
    Vengeance! (1970)    
    The Wandering Swordsman (1970)    
    The Singing Killer (1970)    
    The Heroic Ones (1970)    
    The Duel (1971)    
    The New One-armed Swordsman (1971)    
    King Eagle (1971)    
    The Deadly Duo (1971)    
    The Anonymous Heroes (1971)    
    Duel of Fists (1971)    
    Man of Iron (1972)    
    Delightful Forest (1972)    
    Trilogy of Swordsmanship (1972)    
    The Water Margin (1972)    
    Angry Guest (1972)    
    Boxer from Shantung (1972)    
    Four Riders (1972)    
    Young People (1972)    
    All Men Are Brothers (1973)    
    The Savage 5 (1973)    
    Police Force (1973)    
    The Generation Gap (1973)    
    The Blood Brothers (1973)    
    The Iron Bodyguard (1973)    
    The Pirate (1973)    
    The Delinquent (1973)    
    The Bloody Escape (1973)    
    Five Shaolin Masters (1974)    
    Na Cha the Great (1974)    
    Shaolin Martial Arts (1974)    
    Friends (1974)    
    Men from the Monastery (1974)    
    Heroes Two (1974)    
    Disciples of Shaolin (1975)    
    Marco Polo (1975)    
    The Fantastic Magic Baby (1975)    
    The Shaolin Avengers (1976)    
    Boxer Rebellion (1976)    
    Shaolin Temple (1976)    
    The New Shaolin Boxers (1976)    
    Seven Man Army (1976)    
    Chinatown Kid (1977)    
    The Brave Archer (1977)    
    Magnificent Wanderers (1977)    
    The Naval Commandos (1977)    
    Crippled Avengers (1978)    
    Invincible Shaolin (1978)    
    The Five Venoms (1978)    
    The Brave Archer Part II (1978)    
    Life Gamble (1979)    
    Ten Tigers of Kwantung (1979)    
    The Kid with the Golden Arm (1979)    
    The Magnificent Ruffians (1979)    
    The Daredevils (1979)    
    Shaolin Rescuers (1979)    
    Heaven and Hell (1980)    
    Legend of the Fox (1980)    
    The Rebel Intruders (1980)    
    The Flag of Iron (1980)    
    Two Champions of Shaolin (1980)    
    The Brave Archer Part III (1981)    
    Masked Avengers (1981)    
    Sword Stained with Royal Blood (1981)    
    Five Element Ninjas (1982)    
    Ode to Gallantry (1982)    
    The Brave Archer and His Mate (1982)    
    House of Traps (1982)    
    Attack of the Joyful Goddess (1983)    
    The Weird Man (1983)    
    Death Ring (1984)    
    The Demons (1984)    
    The Shanghai Thirteen (1984)    
    The Dancing Warrior (1985)    
    Great Shanghai 1937 (1986)    
    Cross the River (1988)    
    Hidden Hero (1990)    
    Slaughter in Xian (1990)    
    Journey to the West (1991)    
    Ninja in Ancient China (1993)    
  Costume Designer (1 film)
    Cross the River (1988)    
  Planning (3 films)
    The Twin Swords (1965)    
    Temple of the Red Lotus (1965)    
    The Knight of Knights (1966)    
  Presenter (9 films)
    Young Lovers on Flying Wheels (1974)    
    The Drug Addict (1974)    
    A Mad World of Fools (1974)    
    The Young Rebel (1975)    
    Death Ring (1984)    
    Just Heroes (1989)    
    Slaughter in Xian (1990)    
    Journey to the West (1991)    
    Ninja in Ancient China (1993)    
  Producer (8 films)
    Attack of the Joyful Goddess (1983)    
    Death Ring (1984)    
    The Demons (1984)    
    The Dancing Warrior (1985)    
    Cross the River (1988)    
    Slaughter in Xian (1990)    
    Hidden Hero (1990)    
    Ninja in Ancient China (1993)    
  Actor (2 films)
    Angry Guest (1972) ... Boss Yamaguchi
    The Call-Girls (1977) ... (only in Interview)
  Composer (1 film)
    Friends (1974)    
  Writer (86 films)
    Happenings in Ali Shan (1949)    
    Never Separated (1951)    
    Wild Fires (1957)    
    Black Butterfly (1960)    
    The Tender Trap of Espionage (1960)    
    You Were Meant for Me (1961)    
    The Girl with the Golden Arm (1961)    
    Song Without Words (1961)    
    Her Pearly Tears (1962)    
    Come Rain, Come Shine (1962)    
    It's Always Spring (1962)    
    The Warlord and the Actress (1964)    
    The Female Prince (1964)    
    The Amorous Lotus Pan (1964)    
    Call of the Sea (1965)    
    Inside the Forbidden City (1965)    
    Crocodile River (1965)    
    The Butterfly Chalice (1965)    
    The Mermaid (1965)    
    Magnificent Trio (1966)    
    Tiger Boy (1966)    
    The Knight of Knights (1966)    
    The Perfumed Arrow (1966)    
    The Assassin (1967)    
    One-Armed Swordsman (1967)    
    The Trail of the Broken Blade (1967)    
    Golden Swallow (1968)    
    The Flying Dagger (1969)    
    Return of the One-Armed Swordsman (1969)    
    The Heroic Ones (1970)    
    Vengeance! (1970)    
    Four Riders (1972)    
    Man of Iron (1972)    
    Boxer from Shantung (1972)    
    Delightful Forest (1972)    
    The Water Margin (1972)    
    Young People (1972)    
    Police Force (1973)    
    The Generation Gap (1973)    
    The Blood Brothers (1973)    
    The Savage 5 (1973)    
    All Men Are Brothers (1973)    
    Na Cha the Great (1974)    
    Shaolin Martial Arts (1974)    
    Heroes Two (1974)    
    Men from the Monastery (1974)    
    Friends (1974)    
    Marco Polo (1975)    
    Disciples of Shaolin (1975)    
    The Fantastic Magic Baby (1975)    
    Seven Man Army (1976)    
    The New Shaolin Boxers (1976)    
    The Shaolin Avengers (1976)    
    Shaolin Temple (1976)    
    Boxer Rebellion (1976)    
    Magnificent Wanderers (1977)    
    Chinatown Kid (1977)    
    Crippled Avengers (1978)    
    Invincible Shaolin (1978)    
    The Five Venoms (1978)    
    The Kid with the Golden Arm (1979)    
    The Daredevils (1979)    
    Ten Tigers of Kwantung (1979)    
    Life Gamble (1979)    
    The Magnificent Ruffians (1979)    
    Shaolin Rescuers (1979)    
    The Flag of Iron (1980)    
    The Rebel Intruders (1980)    
    Legend of the Fox (1980)    
    Two Champions of Shaolin (1980)    
    Heaven and Hell (1980)    
    Sword Stained with Royal Blood (1981)    
    The Brave Archer Part III (1981)    
    Masked Avengers (1981)    
    Five Element Ninjas (1982)    
    House of Traps (1982)    
    Ode to Gallantry (1982)    
    The Brave Archer and His Mate (1982)    
    The Weird Man (1983)    
    The Shanghai Thirteen (1984)    
    Great Shanghai 1937 (1986)    
    Cross the River (1988)    
    Slaughter in Xian (1990)    
    Hidden Hero (1990)    
    Journey to the West (1991)    
    Ninja in Ancient China (1993)    
 
 
Biography
 
  Chang Cheh was undisputedly a master of action movies. He created his own style of films which are characterized by their robustness and highly original action sequences. In 1965 Shaw Brothers promoted coloured films with great efforts and action films became one of the focuses of Shaw’s productions. At that time, Chang came out with “The One-armed Swordsman” which made a record one million dollars at the box office. With that film Chang established himself as the leading director of costumed action movies. He subsequently made “The Assassin”, “Golden Swallow”, “Vengeance”, “The New One-armed Swordsman”, “Boxer from Shantung”, “The Blood Brothers”, “Disciples of Shaolin” and other action movies. With these films Chang also introduced to the world many famous action movie stars. In 1974 he founded Chang’s Film Co. in Taiwan. Chang rejoined Shaw Brothers in 1976 and continued his film making career in the Mainland since 1986. Chang was honoured with the Lifetime Achievement Award of the Hong Kong Film Critics’ Association in 1997.

- Hong Kong Tourism Board

Chang's real name is Chang Yik Yan, who was from Zhenjiang.

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On June 22nd 2002, Hong Kong cinema lost one of its most prolific and highly influential figures when director Chang Cheh passed away at the age of 79. Cheng directed more than 90 movies during the course of his career, including such classics as One-Armed Swordsmans, Golden Swallow, The Water Margin, Shaolin Temple, Chinatown Kid, The Five Venoms, House of Traps and so many more.The False Faced Woman.

In the years that followed, Chang would direct some of the greatest martial arts movies ever made including the cult classics as Na Cha The Great, Men From The Monastery, Crippled Avengers, Ten Tigers of Kwang Tung and many more.

Shorty before his death, Chang received a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2002 Hong Kong Film Awards. He will be remembered as the "Godfather" of Hong Kong Action Cinema.

- Celestial Pictures DVD Biography