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Chang Cheh
Cheung Kit,  Chang Che,  Chang Cheuh,  Chang Chueh,  Chang Yik-Yan,  Chin Chien,  Cheung Chit,  Chang Chit,  Chang Chih
Born: February 10th, 1923 (Hangzhou, China) - Died: June 22nd, 2002




 
Filmography (1949-1993)
 
  Production Manager (1 film)
    The Knight of Knights (1966)    
  Lyrics (5 films)
    Golden Swallow (1968)    
    The Singing Thief (1969)    
    Dead End (1969)    
    The Singing Killer (1970)    
    Friends (1974)    
  Director (94 films)
    Happenings in Ali Shan (1949)    
    Wild Fire (1957)    
    The Butterfly Chalice (1965)    
    Tiger Boy (1966)    
    Magnificent Trio (1966)    
    The Trail of the Broken Blade (1967)    
    One-Armed Swordsman (1967)    
    The Assassin (1967)    
    Golden Swallow (1968)    
    The Singing Thief (1969)    
    Return of the One-Armed Swordsman (1969)    
    The Flying Dagger (1969)    
    The Invincible Fist (1969)    
    Dead End (1969)    
    Have Sword, Will Travel (1969)    
    The Wandering Swordsman (1970)    
    Vengeance! (1970)    
    The Heroic Ones (1970)    
    The Singing Killer (1970)    
    King Eagle (1971)    
    The New One-Armed Swordsman (1971)    
    The Duel (1971)    
    The Anonymous Heroes (1971)    
    Duel of Fists (1971)    
    The Deadly Duo (1971)    
    Boxer from Shantung (1972)    
    The Angry Guest (1972)    
    The Water Margin (1972)    
    Trilogy of Swordsmanship (1972)    
    Young People (1972)    
    Delightful Forest (1972)    
    Man of Iron (1972)    
    Four Riders (1972)    
    The Delinquent (1973)    
    The Blood Brothers (1973)    
    The Generation Gap (1973)    
    Police Force (1973)    
    The Pirate (1973)    
    Iron Bodyguard (1973)    
    The Savage 5 (1973)    
    All Men Are Brothers (1973)    
    The Bloody Escape (1973)    
    Heroes Two (1974)    
    Men from the Monastery (1974)    
    Friends (1974)    
    Shaolin Martial Arts (1974)    
    Na Cha the Great (1974)    
    Five Shaolin Masters (1974)    
    Disciples of Shaolin (1975)    
    The Fantastic Magic Baby (1975)    
    Marco Polo (1975)    
    Boxer Rebellion (1976)    
    Seven Man Army (1976)    
    The Shaolin Avengers (1976)    
    The New Shaolin Boxers (1976)    
    Shaolin Temple (1976)    
    The Naval Commandos (1977)    
    Magnificent Wanderers (1977)    
    The Brave Archer (1977)    
    Chinatown Kid (1977)    
    The Brave Archer Part II (1978)    
    The Five Venoms (1978)    
    Invincible Shaolin (1978)    
    Crippled Avengers (1978)    
    Ten Tigers of Kwangtung (1979)    
    Life Gamble (1979)    
    Shaolin Rescuers (1979)    
    The Daredevils (1979)    
    The Magnificent Ruffians (1979)    
    The Kid with the Golden Arm (1979)    
    Heaven and Hell (1980)    
    Two Champions of Shaolin (1980)    
    The Flag of Iron (1980)    
    The Rebel Intruders (1980)    
    Legend of the Fox (1980)    
    Sword Stained with Royal Blood (1981)    
    Masked Avengers (1981)    
    The Brave Archer Part III (1981)    
    House of Traps (1982)    
    The Brave Archer and His Mate (1982)    
    Five Element Ninjas (1982)    
    Ode to Gallantry (1982)    
    The Weird Man (1983)    
    Attack of the Joyful Goddess (1983)    
    The Demons (1984)    
    The Shanghai Thirteen (1984)    
    Death Ring (1984)    
    The Dancing Warrior (1985)    
    Great Shanghai 1937 (1986)    
    Cross the River (1988)    
    Hidden Hero (1990)    
    Slaughter in Xian (1990)    
    Journey to the West (1991)    
    Ninja in Ancient China (1993)    
  Costume Designer (1 film)
    Cross the River (1988)    
  Planning (3 films)
    Temple of the Red Lotus (1965)    
    The Twin Swords (1965)    
    The Knight of Knights (1966)    
  Presenter (9 films)
    The Drug Addict (1974)    
    A Mad World of Fools (1974)    
    Young Lovers on Flying Wheels (1974)    
    The Young Rebel (1975)    
    Death Ring (1984)    
    Just Heroes (1989)    
    Slaughter in Xian (1990)    
    Journey to the West (1991)    
    Ninja in Ancient China (1993)    
  Producer (9 films)
    Iron Super Man (1974)    
    Attack of the Joyful Goddess (1983)    
    Death Ring (1984)    
    The Demons (1984)    
    The Dancing Warrior (1985)    
    Cross the River (1988)    
    Hidden Hero (1990)    
    Slaughter in Xian (1990)    
    Ninja in Ancient China (1993)    
  Actor (3 films)
    Black Butterfly (1960) ... Father Fung
    The Angry Guest (1972) ... Boss Yamaguchi
    The Call-Girls (1977) ... (only in Interview)
  Writer (88 films)
    Happenings in Ali Shan (1949)    
    Never Separated (1951)    
    Wild Fire (1957)    
    Tragic Melody (1960)    
    The Tender Trap of Espionage (1960)    
    Black Butterfly (1960)    
    Song Without Words (1961)    
    The Girl with the Golden Arm (1961)    
    You Were Meant for Me (1961)    
    It's Always Spring (1962)    
    Come Rain, Come Shine (1962)    
    Her Pearly Tears (1962)    
    The Amorous Lotus Pan (1964)    
    The Female Prince (1964)    
    The Warlord and the Actress (1964)    
    The Mermaid (1965)    
    The Butterfly Chalice (1965)    
    Crocodile River (1965)    
    Inside the Forbidden City (1965)    
    Call of the Sea (1965)    
    Tiger Boy (1966)    
    The Knight of Knights (1966)    
    Magnificent Trio (1966)    
    The Perfumed Arrow (1966)    
    The Trail of the Broken Blade (1967)    
    One-Armed Swordsman (1967)    
    The Assassin (1967)    
    Golden Swallow (1968)    
    Return of the One-Armed Swordsman (1969)    
    The Flying Dagger (1969)    
    Vengeance! (1970)    
    The Heroic Ones (1970)    
    Boxer from Shantung (1972)    
    The Water Margin (1972)    
    Young People (1972)    
    Delightful Forest (1972)    
    Man of Iron (1972)    
    Four Riders (1972)    
    The Blood Brothers (1973)    
    The Generation Gap (1973)    
    Police Force (1973)    
    The Savage 5 (1973)    
    All Men Are Brothers (1973)    
    Heroes Two (1974)    
    Men from the Monastery (1974)    
    Friends (1974)    
    Shaolin Martial Arts (1974)    
    Na Cha the Great (1974)    
    Disciples of Shaolin (1975)    
    The Fantastic Magic Baby (1975)    
    Marco Polo (1975)    
    Boxer Rebellion (1976)    
    Seven Man Army (1976)    
    The Shaolin Avengers (1976)    
    The New Shaolin Boxers (1976)    
    Shaolin Temple (1976)    
    Magnificent Wanderers (1977)    
    Chinatown Kid (1977)    
    Showdown at the Cotton Mill (1978)    
    The Five Venoms (1978)    
    Invincible Shaolin (1978)    
    Crippled Avengers (1978)    
    Ten Tigers of Kwangtung (1979)    
    Life Gamble (1979)    
    Shaolin Rescuers (1979)    
    The Daredevils (1979)    
    The Magnificent Ruffians (1979)    
    The Kid with the Golden Arm (1979)    
    Heaven and Hell (1980)    
    Two Champions of Shaolin (1980)    
    The Flag of Iron (1980)    
    The Rebel Intruders (1980)    
    Legend of the Fox (1980)    
    Sword Stained with Royal Blood (1981)    
    Masked Avengers (1981)    
    The Brave Archer Part III (1981)    
    House of Traps (1982)    
    The Brave Archer and His Mate (1982)    
    Five Element Ninjas (1982)    
    Ode to Gallantry (1982)    
    The Weird Man (1983)    
    The Shanghai Thirteen (1984)    
    Great Shanghai 1937 (1986)    
    Cross the River (1988)    
    Hidden Hero (1990)    
    Slaughter in Xian (1990)    
    Journey to the West (1991)    
    Ninja in Ancient China (1993)    
 
 
Biography
 
  Chang Cheh was undisputedly a master of action movies. He created his own style of films which are characterized by their robustness and highly original action sequences. In 1965 Shaw Brothers promoted coloured films with great efforts and action films became one of the focuses of Shaw's productions. At that time, Chang came out with "The One-armed Swordsman" which made a record one million dollars at the box office. With that film Chang established himself as the leading director of costumed action movies. He subsequently made "The Assassin", "Golden Swallow", "Vengeance", "The New One-armed Swordsman", "Boxer from Shantung", "The Blood Brothers", "Disciples of Shaolin" and other action movies. With these films Chang also introduced to the world many famous action movie stars. In 1974 he founded Chang's Film Co. in Taiwan. Chang rejoined Shaw Brothers in 1976 and continued his film making career in the Mainland since 1986. Chang was honoured with the Lifetime Achievement Award of the Hong Kong Film Critics' Association in 1997.

- Hong Kong Tourism Board

Chang's real name is Chang Yik Yan, who was from Zhenjiang.

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On June 22nd 2002, Hong Kong cinema lost one of its most prolific and highly influential figures when director Chang Cheh passed away at the age of 79. Cheng directed more than 90 movies during the course of his career, including such classics as One-Armed Swordsmans, Golden Swallow, The Water Margin, Shaolin Temple, Chinatown Kid, The Five Venoms, House of Traps and so many more.The False Faced Woman.

In the years that followed, Chang would direct some of the greatest martial arts movies ever made including the cult classics as Na Cha The Great, Men From The Monastery, Crippled Avengers, Ten Tigers of Kwang Tung and many more.

Shorty before his death, Chang received a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2002 Hong Kong Film Awards. He will be remembered as the "Godfather" of Hong Kong Action Cinema.

- Celestial Pictures DVD Biography