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張徹  ♂
张彻
Chang Cheh
Mandarin: zhāng chè
Cheung Kit,  Chang Che,  Chang Cheuh,  Chang Chueh,  Chang Yik-Yan,  Chin Chien,  Cheung Chit,  Chang Chit,  Chang Chih




 
Filmography (1949-1993)
 
  製片 / Production Manager
    文素臣 / The Knight of Knights (1966)    
  塡詞 / Lyrics
    金燕子 / Golden Swallow (1968)    
    死角 / Dead End (1969)    
    大盜歌王 / The Singing Thief (1969)    
    小煞星 / The Singing Killer (1970)    
    朋友 / Friends (1974)    
  導演 / Director
    阿里山風雲 / Happenings in Ali Shan (1949)    
    野火 / Wild Fire (1957)    
    蝴蝶盃 / The Butterfly Chalice (1965)    
    虎俠殲仇 / Tiger Boy (1966)    
    邊城三俠 / Magnificent Trio (1966)    
    斷腸劍 / The Trail of the Broken Blade (1967)    
    獨臂刀 / One-Armed Swordsman (1967)    
    大刺客 / The Assassin (1967)    
    金燕子 / Golden Swallow (1968)    
    鐵手無情 / The Invincible Fist (1969)    
    死角 / Dead End (1969)    
    保鏢 / Have Sword, Will Travel (1969)    
    大盜歌王 / The Singing Thief (1969)    
    獨臂刀王 / Return of the One-Armed Swordsman (1969)    
    飛刀手 / The Flying Dagger (1969)    
    十三太保 / The Heroic Ones (1970)    
    小煞星 / The Singing Killer (1970)    
    遊俠兒 / The Wandering Swordsman (1970)    
    報仇 / Vengeance! (1970)    
    無名英雄 / The Anonymous Heroes (1971)    
    雙俠 / The Deadly Duo (1971)    
    鷹王 / King Eagle (1971)    
    新獨臂刀 / The New One-Armed Swordsman (1971)    
    大決鬥 / The Duel (1971)    
    拳擊 / Duel of Fists (1971)    
    年輕人 / Young People (1972)    
    四騎士 / Four Riders (1972)    
    馬永貞 / Boxer from Shantung (1972)    
    惡客 / The Angry Guest (1972)    
    水滸傳 / The Water Margin (1972)    
    群英會 / Trilogy of Swordsmanship (1972)    
    快活林 / Delightful Forest (1972)    
    仇連環 / Man of Iron (1972)    
    逃亡 / The Bloody Escape (1973)    
    憤怒青年 / The Delinquent (1973)    
    大海盜 / The Pirate (1973)    
    大刀王五 / Iron Bodyguard (1973)    
    刺馬 / The Blood Brothers (1973)    
    叛逆 / The Generation Gap (1973)    
    警察 / Police Force (1973)    
    五虎將 / The Savage 5 (1973)    
    蕩寇誌 / All Men Are Brothers (1973)    
    方世玉與洪熙官 / Heroes Two (1974)    
    少林子弟 / Men from the Monastery (1974)    
    朋友 / Friends (1974)    
    洪拳與詠春 / Shaolin Martial Arts (1974)    
    哪吒 / Na Cha the Great (1974)    
    少林五祖 / Five Shaolin Masters (1974)    
    馬哥波羅 / Marco Polo (1975)    
    洪拳小子 / Disciples of Shaolin (1975)    
    紅孩兒 / The Fantastic Magic Baby (1975)    
    八道樓子 / Seven Man Army (1976)    
    蔡李佛小子 / The New Shaolin Boxers (1976)    
    少林寺 / Shaolin Temple (1976)    
    方世玉與胡惠乾 / The Shaolin Avengers (1976)    
    八國聯軍 / Boxer Rebellion (1976)    
    海軍突擊隊 / The Naval Commandos (1977)    
    江湖漢子 / Magnificent Wanderers (1977)    
    射鵰英雄傳 / The Brave Archer (1977)    
    唐人街小子 / Chinatown Kid (1977)    
    射鵰英雄傳續集 / The Brave Archer Part II (1978)    
    五毒 / The Five Venoms (1978)    
    南少林與北少林 / Invincible Shaolin (1978)    
    殘缺 / Crippled Avengers (1978)    
    街市英雄 / Shaolin Rescuers (1979)    
    雜技亡命隊 / The Daredevils (1979)    
    賣命小子 / The Magnificent Ruffians (1979)    
    生死鬥 / Life Gamble (1979)    
    金臂童 / The Kid with the Golden Arm (1979)    
    廣東十虎與後五虎 / Ten Tigers of Kwangtung (1979)    
    少林與武當 / Two Champions of Shaolin (1980)    
    鐵旗門 / The Flag of Iron (1980)    
    大殺四方 / The Rebel Intruders (1980)    
    飛狐外傳 / Legend of the Fox (1980)    
    第三類打鬥 / Heaven and Hell (1980)    
    碧血劍 / Sword Stained with Royal Blood (1981)    
    叉手 / Masked Avengers (1981)    
    射鵰英雄傳第三集 / The Brave Archer Part III (1981)    
    五遁忍術 / Five Element Ninjas (1982)    
    沖宵樓 / House of Traps (1982)    
    神鵰俠侶 / The Brave Archer and His Mate (1982)    
    俠客行 / Ode to Gallantry (1982)    
    神通術與小霸王 / The Weird Man (1983)    
    撞鬼 / Attack of the Joyful Goddess (1983)    
    上海灘十三太保 / The Shanghai Thirteen (1984)    
    九子天魔 / The Demons (1984)    
    擂台 / Death Ring (1984)    
    霹靂情 / The Dancing Warrior (1985)    
    大上海1937 / Great Shanghai 1937 (1986)    
    過江 / Cross the River (1988)    
    西安殺戮 / Slaughter in Xian (1990)    
    江湖奇兵 / Hidden Hero (1990)    
    大話西遊:西行平妖 / Journey to the West (1991)    
    神通 / Ninja in Ancient China (1993)    
  服裝指導 / Costume Designer
    過江 / Cross the River (1988)    
  策劃 / Planning
    鴛鴦劍俠 / The Twin Swords (1965)    
    江湖奇俠 / Temple of the Red Lotus (1965)    
    文素臣 / The Knight of Knights (1966)    
  出品人 / Presenter
    怪人怪事 / A Mad World of Fools (1974)    
    吸毒者 / The Drug Addict (1974)    
    電單車 / Young Lovers on Flying Wheels (1974)    
    後生 / The Young Rebel (1975)    
    擂台 / Death Ring (1984)    
    義膽群英 / Just Heroes (1989)    
    西安殺戮 / Slaughter in Xian (1990)    
    大話西遊:西行平妖 / Journey to the West (1991)    
    神通 / Ninja in Ancient China (1993)    
  監製 / Producer
    鐵超人 / Iron Super Man (1974)    
    撞鬼 / Attack of the Joyful Goddess (1983)    
    九子天魔 / The Demons (1984)    
    擂台 / Death Ring (1984)    
    霹靂情 / The Dancing Warrior (1985)    
    過江 / Cross the River (1988)    
    西安殺戮 / Slaughter in Xian (1990)    
    江湖奇兵 / Hidden Hero (1990)    
    神通 / Ninja in Ancient China (1993)    
  演員 / Actor (1949-1993)
    黑蝴蝶 / Black Butterfly (1960) ... / Father Fung
    惡客 / The Angry Guest (1972) ... / Boss Yamaguchi
    應召名冊 / The Call-Girls (1977) ... / (only in Interview)
  編劇 / Writer
    阿里山風雲 / Happenings in Ali Shan (1949)    
    永不分離 / Never Separated (1951)    
    野火 / Wild Fire (1957)    
    桃花淚 / Tragic Melody (1960)    
    脂粉間諜網 / The Tender Trap of Espionage (1960)    
    黑蝴蝶 / Black Butterfly (1960)    
    無語問蒼天 / Song Without Words (1961)    
    賊美人 / The Girl with the Golden Arm (1961)    
    遊戲人間 / You Were Meant for Me (1961)    
    桃李爭春 / It's Always Spring (1962)    
    野花戀 / Come Rain, Come Shine (1962)    
    珍珠淚 / Her Pearly Tears (1962)    
    雙鳳奇緣 / The Female Prince (1964)    
    血濺牡丹紅 / The Warlord and the Actress (1964)    
    潘金蓮 / The Amorous Lotus Pan (1964)    
    魚美人 / The Mermaid (1965)    
    蝴蝶盃 / The Butterfly Chalice (1965)    
    鱷魚河 / Crocodile River (1965)    
    宋宮秘史 / Inside the Forbidden City (1965)    
    怒海情仇 / Call of the Sea (1965)    
    虎俠殲仇 / Tiger Boy (1966)    
    邊城三俠 / Magnificent Trio (1966)    
    文素臣 / The Knight of Knights (1966)    
    女秀才 / The Perfumed Arrow (1966)    
    斷腸劍 / The Trail of the Broken Blade (1967)    
    獨臂刀 / One-Armed Swordsman (1967)    
    大刺客 / The Assassin (1967)    
    金燕子 / Golden Swallow (1968)    
    獨臂刀王 / Return of the One-Armed Swordsman (1969)    
    飛刀手 / The Flying Dagger (1969)    
    報仇 / Vengeance! (1970)    
    十三太保 / The Heroic Ones (1970)    
    水滸傳 / The Water Margin (1972)    
    馬永貞 / Boxer from Shantung (1972)    
    仇連環 / Man of Iron (1972)    
    快活林 / Delightful Forest (1972)    
    四騎士 / Four Riders (1972)    
    年輕人 / Young People (1972)    
    五虎將 / The Savage 5 (1973)    
    刺馬 / The Blood Brothers (1973)    
    叛逆 / The Generation Gap (1973)    
    警察 / Police Force (1973)    
    蕩寇誌 / All Men Are Brothers (1973)    
    少林子弟 / Men from the Monastery (1974)    
    洪拳與詠春 / Shaolin Martial Arts (1974)    
    朋友 / Friends (1974)    
    哪吒 / Na Cha the Great (1974)    
    方世玉與洪熙官 / Heroes Two (1974)    
    紅孩兒 / The Fantastic Magic Baby (1975)    
    馬哥波羅 / Marco Polo (1975)    
    洪拳小子 / Disciples of Shaolin (1975)    
    八道樓子 / Seven Man Army (1976)    
    少林寺 / Shaolin Temple (1976)    
    八國聯軍 / Boxer Rebellion (1976)    
    方世玉與胡惠乾 / The Shaolin Avengers (1976)    
    蔡李佛小子 / The New Shaolin Boxers (1976)    
    唐人街小子 / Chinatown Kid (1977)    
    江湖漢子 / Magnificent Wanderers (1977)    
    五毒 / The Five Venoms (1978)    
    南少林與北少林 / Invincible Shaolin (1978)    
    殘缺 / Crippled Avengers (1978)    
    胡惠乾怒打機房 / Showdown at the Cotton Mill (1978)    
    街市英雄 / Shaolin Rescuers (1979)    
    賣命小子 / The Magnificent Ruffians (1979)    
    生死鬥 / Life Gamble (1979)    
    廣東十虎與後五虎 / Ten Tigers of Kwangtung (1979)    
    雜技亡命隊 / The Daredevils (1979)    
    金臂童 / The Kid with the Golden Arm (1979)    
    少林與武當 / Two Champions of Shaolin (1980)    
    飛狐外傳 / Legend of the Fox (1980)    
    第三類打鬥 / Heaven and Hell (1980)    
    大殺四方 / The Rebel Intruders (1980)    
    鐵旗門 / The Flag of Iron (1980)    
    叉手 / Masked Avengers (1981)    
    射鵰英雄傳第三集 / The Brave Archer Part III (1981)    
    碧血劍 / Sword Stained with Royal Blood (1981)    
    沖宵樓 / House of Traps (1982)    
    神鵰俠侶 / The Brave Archer and His Mate (1982)    
    俠客行 / Ode to Gallantry (1982)    
    五遁忍術 / Five Element Ninjas (1982)    
    神通術與小霸王 / The Weird Man (1983)    
    上海灘十三太保 / The Shanghai Thirteen (1984)    
    大上海1937 / Great Shanghai 1937 (1986)    
    過江 / Cross the River (1988)    
    西安殺戮 / Slaughter in Xian (1990)    
    江湖奇兵 / Hidden Hero (1990)    
    大話西遊:西行平妖 / Journey to the West (1991)    
    神通 / Ninja in Ancient China (1993)    
 
 
Biography
 
  Chang Cheh was undisputedly a master of action movies. He created his own style of films which are characterized by their robustness and highly original action sequences. In 1965 Shaw Brothers promoted coloured films with great efforts and action films became one of the focuses of Shaw's productions. At that time, Chang came out with "The One-armed Swordsman" which made a record one million dollars at the box office. With that film Chang established himself as the leading director of costumed action movies. He subsequently made "The Assassin", "Golden Swallow", "Vengeance", "The New One-armed Swordsman", "Boxer from Shantung", "The Blood Brothers", "Disciples of Shaolin" and other action movies. With these films Chang also introduced to the world many famous action movie stars. In 1974 he founded Chang's Film Co. in Taiwan. Chang rejoined Shaw Brothers in 1976 and continued his film making career in the Mainland since 1986. Chang was honoured with the Lifetime Achievement Award of the Hong Kong Film Critics' Association in 1997.

- Hong Kong Tourism Board

Chang's real name is Chang Yik Yan, who was from Zhenjiang.

--------------------------------------------------------------

On June 22nd 2002, Hong Kong cinema lost one of its most prolific and highly influential figures when director Chang Cheh passed away at the age of 79. Cheng directed more than 90 movies during the course of his career, including such classics as One-Armed Swordsmans, Golden Swallow, The Water Margin, Shaolin Temple, Chinatown Kid, The Five Venoms, House of Traps and so many more.The False Faced Woman.

In the years that followed, Chang would direct some of the greatest martial arts movies ever made including the cult classics as Na Cha The Great, Men From The Monastery, Crippled Avengers, Ten Tigers of Kwang Tung and many more.

Shorty before his death, Chang received a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2002 Hong Kong Film Awards. He will be remembered as the "Godfather" of Hong Kong Action Cinema.

- Celestial Pictures DVD Biography